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Adoption of combinations of adaptive and mitigatory climate-smart agricul‐tural practices and its impacts on rice yield and income: Empirical evidencefrom Hubei, China

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Lynn FrewerORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Despite increased research and policy focus on the adoption and impact of climate-smart agricultural practices (CSAPs) on small household farmers’ welfare, synergies between adaptive and mitigatory CSAPs are not well understood. This study responds to this knowledge gap by examines the determinants of adoption of adaptive and mitigatory CSAPs in isolation and when combined, and their impacts on rice yield and rice net income in central China. Using three-year household-level pooled cross-sectional data and addressing selection biases from both observable and unobservable heterogeneity were managed by applying a multinomial endogenous switching regression framework. Our findings indicate that adopting both adaptive and mitigatory CSAPs increases rice yield and rice net income by 15.879% and 19.288%, respectively. Besides, the strong complementarities exist between adaptive and mitigatory CSAPs to address climate change in improving productivity and income when experiencing extreme weather events (e.g., EI Niño event). These findings highlight the positive role of integrating adaptive and mitigatory CSAPs in coping with climate change challenges, and increasing household farmers’ economic welfare in China, and potentially elsewhere.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Liang Z, Zhang L, Li W, Zhang J, Frewer L

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Climate Risk Manangment

Year: 2021

Volume: 33

Online publication date: 29/04/2021

Acceptance date: 20/04/2021

Date deposited: 06/05/2021

ISSN (electronic): 2212-0963

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/j.crm.2021.100314


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