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Lookup NU author(s): Oday Al-Dadah
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Ankle injuries are commonplace in the athletic population, with lateral ligament sprains accounting for the majority of them. The medial ligament complex, the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis as well as any of the bones that constitute the ankle joint can also be injured. Typical mechanisms of injury include inversion-plantar flexion and external rotation on a supinated, dorsiflexed or pronated foot. Lesions of the ankle present with similar symptoms of pain, swelling and tenderness. Therefore, a thorough history and physical examination must be obtained to make the correct diagnosis. This is especially critical for athletes as certain injuries can lead to termination of their career if not treated accurately on time. Imaging may be useful in some cases to confirm or rule out differential diagnoses. Most injuries can be managed conservatively using the Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation protocol followed by a comprehensive rehabilitation programme. Surgery is reserved for grade III ligament tears that are refractory to initial non-operative treatment and displaced fractures that are unlikely to unite without surgical intervention. The objective of this review is to discuss the common ankle injuries encountered in the athletic population and the approaches to their diagnosis and management.
Author(s): James JJ, Al-Dadah O
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: World Journal of Meta-Analysis
Print publication date: 28/04/2021
Online publication date: 14/04/2021
Acceptance date: 23/04/2021
ISSN (electronic): 2308-3840
Publisher: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
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