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CSF Rhinorrhea After Endonasal Intervention to the Skull Base (CRANIAL) — Part 2: Impact of COVID-19

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Alistair Jenkins


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© 2021 The Authors. Background: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, concerns have been raised regarding the increased risk of perioperative mortality for patients with COVID-19, and the transmission risk to healthcare workers, especially during endonasal neurosurgical operations. The Pituitary Society has produced recommendations to guide management during this era. We sought to assess contemporary neurosurgical practice and the effects of COVID-19. Methods: A multicenter prospective observational cohort study was conducted at 12 tertiary neurosurgical units (United Kingdom and Ireland). Data were collected from March 23 to July 31, 2020, inclusive. The data points collected included patient demographics, preoperative COVID-19 test results, operative modifications, and 30-day COVID-19 infection rates. Results: A total of 124 patients were included. Of the 124 patients, 116 (94%) had undergone COVID-19 testing preoperatively (transsphenoidal approach, 97 of 105 [92%]; expanded endoscopic endonasal approach, 19 of 19 [100%]). One patient (1 of 116 [0.9%]) had tested positive for COVID-19 preoperatively, requiring a delay in surgery until the infection had been confirmed as resolved. Other than transient diabetes insipidus, no other complications were reported for this patient. All operating room staff had worn at least level 2 personal protective equipment. Adaptations to surgical techniques included minimizing drilling, draping modifications, and the use of a nasal iodine wash. At 30 days postoperatively, no evidence of COVID-19 infection (symptoms or positive formal testing results) were found in our cohort and no mortality had occurred. Conclusions: Preoperative screening protocols and operative modifications have facilitated endonasal neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic, with the Pituitary Society guidelines followed for most of these operations. We found no evidence of COVID-19 infection in our cohort and no mortality, supporting the use of risk mitigation strategies to continue endonasal neurosurgery in subsequent pandemic waves.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bandyopadhyay S, Khan DZ, Marcus HJ, Schroeder BE, Patel V, O'Donnell A, Ahmed S, Alalade AF, Ali AMS, Allison C, Al-Barazi S, Al-Mahfoudh R, Amarouche M, Bahl A, Bennett D, Bhalla R, Bhatt P, Boukas A, Cabrilo I, Chadwick A, Chowdhury YA, Choi D, Cudlip SA, Donnelly N, Dorward NL, Dow G, Fountain DM, Grieve J, Giamouriadis A, Gilkes C, Gnanalingham K, Halliday J, Hanna B, Hayhurst C, Hempenstall J, Henderson D, Hossain-Ibrahim K, Hirst T, Hughes M, Javadpour M, Jenkins A, Kamel M, Mannion RJ, Kolias AG, Khan H, Khan MS, Lacy P, Mahmood S, Maratos E, Martin A, Mathad N, McAleavey P, Mendoza N, Millward CP, Mirza S, Muquit S, Murray D, Naik PP, Nair R, Nicholson C, Paluzzi A, Pathmanaban O, Paraskevopoulos D, Pollock J, Phillips N, Piper RJ, Ram B, Robertson I, Roman E, Ross P, Santarius T, Sayal P, Shapey J, Sharma R, Shaw S, Shoakazemi A, Shumon S, Sinha S, Solomou G, Soon WC, Stapleton S, Statham P, Stew B, Thomas N, Tsermoulas G, Tysome JR, Varma A, Weir P, Williams A, Youssef M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: World Neurosurgery

Year: 2021

Volume: 149

Pages: e1090-e1097

Print publication date: 01/05/2021

Online publication date: 11/01/2021

Acceptance date: 26/12/2020

ISSN (print): 1878-8750

ISSN (electronic): 1878-8769

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.


DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2020.12.169

PubMed id: 33444833


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