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Transfer Learning Approach for Occupancy Prediction in Smart Buildings

Lookup NU author(s): Mohamad Khalil, Dr Stephen McGough, Dr Zoya PourmirzaORCiD, Dr Mehdi Pazhoohesh, Professor Sara Walker


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Accurate occupancy prediction in smart buildings is a key element to reduce building energy consumption and control HVAC systems (Heating – Ventilation and– Air Conditioning) efficiently, resulting in an increment of human comfort. This work focuses on the problem of occupancy prediction modelling (occupied / unoccupied) in smart buildings using environmental sensor data. A novel transfer learning approach was used to enhance occupancy prediction accuracy when the amounts of historical training data are limited. The proposed approach and models are applied to a case study of three office rooms in an educational building. The data sets used in this work are actual data collected from the Urban Sciences Building (USB) in Newcastle University. The results of the proposed transfer learning approach have been compared with the models from Support Vector Machine and Random Forest algorithms. The final results demonstrate that the most accurate model in this study to predict occupancy status was produced by stacked Long-Short-Term-Memory with a transfer learning framework.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Khalil M, McGough S, Pourmirza Z, Pazhoohesh M, Walker S

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: 2021 12th International Renewable Engineering Conference (IREC)

Year of Conference: 2021

Print publication date: 13/05/2021

Online publication date: 13/05/2021

Acceptance date: 01/04/2021

Publisher: IEEE


DOI: 10.1109/IREC51415.2021.9427869

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9781665447010