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TaWRKY10 transcription factor is a novel jasmonic acid signalling regulator involved in immunity against Septoria tritici blotch disease in wheat

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Angharad MR Gatehouse

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2021 The Authors. Plant Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Society for Plant Pathology.Septoria tritici blotch (STB), caused by the fungus Zymoseptoria tritici, is currently the main threat to worldwide wheat production in temperate climates. Understanding the genetic mechanisms that underpin the Z. tritici–wheat interaction will be crucial for generating new control strategies against STB. Plant hormones are essential regulators of growth and immunity. In particular, jasmonic acid (JA) plays a central role in defence against necrotrophic plant pathogens, but its role in mediating immunity against Z. tritici is largely unknown. Here we identify the transcription factor TaWRKY10 that is taxonomically restricted to the grass subfamily Pooideae as a novel regulator of JA responses in wheat. We demonstrate by using virus-induced gene silencing that silencing TaWRKY10 leads to increased resistance against Z. tritici with an earlier onset of necrotic symptoms, but with reduced pathogen sporulation. Wheat plants silenced for TaWRKY10 show an up-regulated JA response. Transcriptional profiling of TaWRKY10 knock-down plants indicates that it is a negative regulator of the JA receptor TaCOI1 gene expression. Our data indicate that TaWRKY10 down-regulates JA responses, contributing to the susceptibility of wheat to Z. tritici. We postulate that manipulating TaWRKY10 may provide a strategy to boost STB resistance in wheat.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Campanaro A, Srivastava AK, Zhang C, Lee J, Millyard L, Gatehouse AMR, Byrne E, Sadanandom A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Plant Pathology

Year: 2021

Pages: epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 22/04/2021

Acceptance date: 08/04/2021

Date deposited: 08/06/2021

ISSN (print): 0032-0862

ISSN (electronic): 1365-3059

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13388

DOI: 10.1111/ppa.13388


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