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Care pathway and prioritization of rapid testing for COVID-19 in UK hospitals: a qualitative evaluation

Lookup NU author(s): Tim HicksORCiD, Amanda Winter, Dr Kile GreenORCiD, Dr David Price, Dr Joy AllenORCiD, Dr Sara Graziadio



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


OBJECTIVES: The second wave of the coronavirus pandemic is now established, occurring at a time of winter pressure on acute care in the NHS. This is likely to be more challenging then the first wave for the diagnosis of COVID-19 because of the similar symptomology with other respiratory conditions highly prevalent in winter. This study sought to understand the care pathways in place in UK NHS hospitals during the first wave (March-July 2020) for identification of patients with COVID-19 and to learn lessons to inform optimal testing strategies within the COVID-19 National Diagnostic Research and Evaluation Platform (CONDOR). DESIGN, SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen hospital-based clinicians from 12 UK NHS Trusts covering 10 different specialties were interviewed following a semi-structured topic guide. Data were coded soon after the interviews and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We developed a diagrammatic, high-level visualisation of the care pathway describing the main clinical decisions associated with the diagnosis and management of patients with suspected COVID-19. COVID-19 testing influenced infection control considerations more so than treatment decisions. Two main features of service provision influenced the patient management significantly: access to rapid laboratory testing and the number of single occupancy rooms. If time to return of result was greater than 24 h, patients with a presumptive diagnosis would often be cohorted based on clinical suspicion alone. Undetected COVID-19 during this time could therefore lead to an increased risk of viral transmission. CONCLUSIONS: During the winter months, priority for provision of rapid testing at admission should be given to hospitals with limited access to laboratory services and single room availability. Access to rapid testing is essential for urgent decisions related to emergency surgery, maternity services and organ transplant. The pathway and prioritization of need will inform the economic modelling, clinical evaluations, and implementation of new clinical tests in UK.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hicks T, Winter A, Green K, Kierkegaard P, Price DA, Body R, Allen AJ, Graziadio S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: BMC health services research

Year: 2021

Volume: 21

Issue: 1

Online publication date: 31/05/2021

Acceptance date: 22/04/2021

Date deposited: 14/06/2021

ISSN (electronic): 1472-6963

Publisher: BMC


DOI: 10.1186/s12913-021-06460-x

PubMed id: 34059036


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