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Heterologous Inferential Analysis (HIA) and Other Emerging Concepts: In Understanding Mitochondrial Variation In Pathogenesis: There is no More Low-Hanging Fruit

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Joanna Elson


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© 2021, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.Here we summarize our latest efforts to elucidate the role of mtDNA variants affecting the mitochondrial translation machinery, namely variants mapping to the mt-rRNA and mt-tRNA genes. Evidence is accumulating to suggest that the cellular response to interference with mitochondrial translation is different from that occurring as a result of mutations in genes encoding OXPHOS proteins. As a result, it appears safe to state that a complete view of mitochondrial disease will not be obtained until we understand the effect of mt-rRNA and mt-tRNA variants on mitochondrial protein synthesis. Despite the identification of a large number of potentially pathogenic variants in the mitochondrially encoded rRNA (mt-rRNA) genes, we lack direct methods to firmly establish their pathogenicity. In the absence of such methods, we have devised an indirect approach named heterologous inferential analysis (HIA) that can be used to make predictions concerning the disruptive potential of a large subset of mt-rRNA variants. We have used HIA to explore the mutational landscape of 12S and 16S mt-rRNA genes. Our HIA studies include a thorough classification of all rare variants reported in the literature as well as others obtained from studies performed in collaboration with physicians. HIA has also been used with non-mammalian mt-rRNA genes to elucidate how mitotypes influence the interaction of the individual and the environment. Regarding mt-tRNA variations, rapidly growing evidence shows that the spectrum of mutations causing mitochondrial disease might differ between the different mitochondrial haplogroups seen in human populations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Vila-Sanjurjo A, Smith PM, Elson JL

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Methods in Molecular Biology

Year: 2021

Volume: 2277

Pages: 203-245

Online publication date: 03/06/2021

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

Publisher: Humana Press Inc.


DOI: 10.1007/978-1-0716-1270-5_14

PubMed id: 34080154

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9781071612699