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An update of treatment modalities in children and adolescents with teeth affected by molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH): a systematic review

Lookup NU author(s): Greig Taylor


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© 2021, The Author(s).Purpose: To systematically review the treatment modalities for molar-incisor hypomineralisation for children under the age of 18 years. The research question was, ‘What are the treatment options for teeth in children affected by molar incisor hypomineralisation?’ Methods: An electronic search of the following electronic databases was completed MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, LILACS, Google Scholar and Open Grey identifying studies from 1980 to 2020. The PRISMA guidelines were followed. The studies were screened, data extracted and calibration was completed by two independent reviewers. Results: Of 6220 potential articles, 34 studies were included. Twenty studies investigated management of molars with fissure sealants, glass ionomer cement, polyacid modified resin composite, composite resin, amalgam, preformed metal crowns, laboratory-manufactured crowns and extractions. In four articles management of incisors with microabrasion, resin-infiltration and a combination of approaches was reported. Eight studies looked at strategies to mineralise MIH-affected teeth and/or reduce hypersensitivity. Two studies investigated patient-centred outcomes following treatment. Due to the heterogeneity between the studies, meta-analysis was not performed. Conclusion: The use of resin-based fissure sealants, preformed metal crowns, direct composite resin restorations and laboratory-made restorations can be recommended for MIH-affected molars. There is insufficient evidence to support specific approaches for the management of affected incisors. Products containing CPP-ACP may be beneficial for MIH-affected teeth.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Somani C, Taylor GD, Garot E, Rouas P, Lygidakis NA, Wong FSL

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

Year: 2022

Volume: 23

Pages: 39-64

Print publication date: 01/02/2022

Online publication date: 10/06/2021

Acceptance date: 19/05/2021

ISSN (print): 1818-6300

ISSN (electronic): 1996-9805

Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH


DOI: 10.1007/s40368-021-00635-0