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Lookup NU author(s): Professor David SteelORCiD,
Professor David KavanaghORCiD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Rare variants in the complement factor I (CFI) gene, associated with low serum factor I (FI) levels, are strong risk factors for developing the advanced stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). No studies have been undertaken on the prevalence of disease-causing CFI mutations in patients with geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to AMD. A multicenter, cross-sectional, noninterventional study was undertaken to identify the prevalence of pathogenic rare CFI gene variants in an unselected cohort of patients with GA and low FI levels. A genotype-phenotype study was performed. Four hundred and sixty-eight patients with GA secondary to AMD were recruited to the study, and 19.4% (n = 91) demonstrated a low serum FI concentration (below 15.6 μg/ml). CFI gene sequencing on these patients resulted in the detection of rare CFI variants in 4.7% (n = 22) of recruited patients. The prevalence of CFI variants in patients with low serum FI levels and GA was 25%. Of the total patients recruited, 3.2% (n = 15) expressed a CFI variant classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic. The presence of reticular pseudodrusen was detected in all patients with pathogenic CFI gene variants. Patients with pathogenic CFI gene variants and low serum FI levels might be suitable for FI supplementation in therapeutic trials.
Author(s): Khan AH, Sutton J, Cree AJ, Khandhadia S, DeSalvo G, Tobin J, Prakash P, Arora R, Amoaku W, CharbelIssa P, MacLaren RE, Bishop PN, Peto T, Mohamed Q, Steel DH, Sivaprasad S, Bailey C, Menon G, Kavanagh D, Lotery AJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Human Mutation
Print publication date: 01/09/2021
Online publication date: 21/06/2021
Acceptance date: 13/06/2021
Date deposited: 02/07/2021
ISSN (print): 1059-7794
ISSN (electronic): 1098-1004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
PubMed id: 34153144
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