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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Phil White
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
© 2021, The Author(s).Purpose: Follow-up infarct volume (FIV) is moderately associated with functional outcome. We hypothesized that accounting for infarct location would strengthen the association of FIV with functional outcome. Methods: We included 252 patients from the HERMES collaboration with follow-up diffusion weighted imaging. Patients received endovascular treatment combined with best medical management (n = 52%) versus best medical management alone (n = 48%). FIV was quantified in low, moderate and high modified Rankin Scale (mRS)-relevant regions. We used binary logistic regression to study the relation between the total, high, moderate or low mRS-relevant FIVs and favorable outcome (mRS < 2) after 90 days. The strength of association was evaluated using the c-statistic. Results: Small lesions only occupied high mRS-relevant brain regions. Lesions additionally occupied lower mRS-relevant brain regions if FIV expanded. Higher FIV was associated with a higher risk of unfavorable outcome, as were volumes of tissue with low, moderate and high mRS relevance. In multivariable modeling, only the volume of high mRS-relevant infarct was significantly associated with favorable outcome. The c-statistic was highest (0.76) for the models that included high mRS-relevant FIV or the combination of high, moderate and low mRS-relevant FIV but was not significantly different from the model that included only total FIV (0.75). Conclusion: This study confirms the association of FIV and unfavorable functional outcome but showed no strengthened association if lesion location was taken into account.
Author(s): Tolhuisen ML, Ernst M, Boers AMM, Brown S, Beenen LFM, Guillemin F, Roos YBWEM, Saver JL, van Oostenbrugge R, Demchuck AM, van Zwam W, Jovin TG, Berkhemer OA, Muir KW, Bracard S, Campbell BCV, van der Lugt A, White P, Hill MD, Dippel DWJ, Mitchell PJ, Goyal M, Caan MWA, Marquering HA, Majoie CBLM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Print publication date: 01/03/2022
Online publication date: 03/09/2021
Acceptance date: 01/08/2021
Date deposited: 22/09/2021
ISSN (print): 0028-3940
ISSN (electronic): 1432-1920
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
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