Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Why madrassah education reforms don’t work in Pakistan

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Shoaib Ul Haq


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Despite global pressure and national security concerns, the efforts of the Government of Pakistan to reform the madrassah system have proven to be futile. Extant literature on madrassah reform challenges relies overwhelmingly on information provided by governments and experts situated outside of these institutions. While these studies and reports present important findings and viable analysis on madrassah systems; most of the research fails to give voice to the major stakeholders of this system itself, such as the administration staff, teachers, students and parents. Our study fills this crucial gap by conducting semi-structured interviews and field observations inside Pakistani madaris (plural for madrassah) and their professional associations. We find that these madaris have been reluctant to participate in policy interventions offered by the government due to a major trust deficit brought on by differences over financial and curriculum regulation, degree recognition and the government’s role in shaping popular perceptions about madaris. This reluctance has turned down attempts for madrassah reformation and has in turn made them vulnerable to radicalisation. We conclude with policy recommendations for more effective government reforms and a stronger relationship between madrassah representatives and the Government of Pakistan.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bashir Mohsin, Ul-Haq S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Third World Quarterly

Year: 2019

Volume: 40

Issue: 3

Pages: 595-611

Print publication date: 01/05/2019

Online publication date: 21/03/2019

Acceptance date: 05/12/2018

ISSN (print): 0143-6597

ISSN (electronic): 1360-2241

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2019.1570820


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric