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The Modeling and Optimal Control of a Hybrid Propulsion System for an Ice-Capable Tanker

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Yi Zhou, Dr Kayvan Pazouki, Dr Rosemary NormanORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by OnePetro, 2023.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


With the effects of global warming, the North Sea Route has become an economic option for cargo transportation because of the shorter distance between East Asia and Europe. Generally, conventional mechanical propulsion systems installed in ice-capable tankers suffer from significant drawbacks because of poor fuel efficiency when sailing at low speed, therefore, advanced technologies have been applied such as diesel electric and nuclear-powered propulsion; however, drawbacks still exist. Hybrid propulsion is a more environmental-friendly, economical solution for ships with icebreaking capability, which can address the drawbacks in both diesel electric and nuclear power systems. In this paper, modeling of system components is presented and implemented in MATLAB Simulink. A primary control strategy is applied to the system to ensure system stability, and an advanced secondary strategy is developed and applied to the power sources to minimize fuel consumption. Given two scenarios, the simulation results of the hybrid propulsion system developed in this research and those of diesel electric propulsion systems with DC and AC distribution systems are compared and indicate that the hybrid system can offer up to 22.4% fuel savings over ice-loading condition, and 39.5% fuel reduction over the particular voyage of varying speed in open water is applied in this paper

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhou Y, Pazouki K, Norman R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Ship Research

Year: 2023

Volume: 67

Issue: 1

Pages: 13-31

Print publication date: 06/03/2023

Online publication date: 11/10/2021

Acceptance date: 06/09/2021

Date deposited: 19/10/2021

ISSN (print): 0022-4502

ISSN (electronic): 1542-0604

Publisher: OnePetro


DOI: 10.5957/JOSR.11200059


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