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Lookup NU author(s): Tom Wareing,
Dr Piergiorgio GentileORCiD,
Dr Anh Phan
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© 2021 American Chemical Society.Carbon dots have been considered as a solution to the challenges that semiconductor quantum dots have encountered because they are more biocompatible and can be synthesized from abundant and nontoxic materials such as biomass. This review will highlight the advantages of these biomass-based carbon dots in terms of synthesis, properties, and applications in the biomedical field. Furthermore, future applications especially in the biomedical field of biomass-based carbon dots as well as the challenges of semiconductor quantum dots such as biocompatibility, photobleaching, environmental challenges, toxicity, and poor solubility will be discussed in detail. Biomass-derived quantum dots, a subsection of carbon dots that are the most desirable for future research, will be focused upon including from synthesis to applications. Finally, the future development of biomass derived quantum dots in the biomedical field will be discussed and evaluated to unlock the potential for their applications.
Author(s): Wareing TC, Gentile P, Phan AN
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: ACS Nano
Online publication date: 24/09/2021
Acceptance date: 20/09/2021
ISSN (print): 1936-0851
ISSN (electronic): 1936-086X
Publisher: American Chemical Society