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Biomass-Based Carbon Dots: Current Development and Future Perspectives

Lookup NU author(s): Tom Wareing, Dr Piergiorgio GentileORCiD, Professor Anh Phan


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© 2021 American Chemical Society.Carbon dots have been considered as a solution to the challenges that semiconductor quantum dots have encountered because they are more biocompatible and can be synthesized from abundant and nontoxic materials such as biomass. This review will highlight the advantages of these biomass-based carbon dots in terms of synthesis, properties, and applications in the biomedical field. Furthermore, future applications especially in the biomedical field of biomass-based carbon dots as well as the challenges of semiconductor quantum dots such as biocompatibility, photobleaching, environmental challenges, toxicity, and poor solubility will be discussed in detail. Biomass-derived quantum dots, a subsection of carbon dots that are the most desirable for future research, will be focused upon including from synthesis to applications. Finally, the future development of biomass derived quantum dots in the biomedical field will be discussed and evaluated to unlock the potential for their applications.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Wareing TC, Gentile P, Phan AN

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: ACS Nano

Year: 2021

Volume: 15

Issue: 10

Pages: 15471–15501

Online publication date: 24/09/2021

Acceptance date: 20/09/2021

ISSN (print): 1936-0851

ISSN (electronic): 1936-086X

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.1c03886