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A systematic review of the implementation of industry 4.0 from the organisational perspective

Lookup NU author(s): Hamed Nayernia, Dr Hanna Bahemia, Professor Savvas PapagiannidisORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Industry 4.0 is a fast-evolving area of research, bringing together knowledge from multiple academic fields into creative solutions for manufacturing innovation. Despite the growing amount of published work covering a wide range of I4.0 areas there has been relatively little research devoted to the organisational side of implementing I4.0. To address this gap, this systematic review paper used quantitative analysis by text-mining 97 articles from 2015 to 2021. The analysis identified eleven research streams, which were grouped into five levels, namely industry and firm, smart factory, data, human resources and supply chain. The research streams were then comprehensively reviewed and presented. For each stream the paper presents a number of sub-themes and highlights important findings and areas that may require further development. We discuss three important research avenues in the organisational management literature: 1) the impact of the pandemic on the implementation of I4.0, 2) the tension between value creation and value protection during the implementation of 4.0 and 3) the relevance of a contingency approach during the implementation of I 4.0.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Nayernia H, Bahemia H, Papagiannidis S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Production Research

Year: 2022

Volume: 60

Issue: 14

Pages: 4365-4396

Online publication date: 26/11/2021

Acceptance date: 22/10/2021

Date deposited: 23/10/2021

ISSN (print): 0020-7543

ISSN (electronic): 1366-588X

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2021.2002964


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