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The broad phenotypic spectrum of 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17A1) deficiency: A case series

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Timothy Cheetham



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2021 BioScientifica Ltd.. All rights reserved.Context: 17α-Hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency (17OHD) caused by mutations in the CYP17A1 gene is a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia typically characterised by cortisol deficiency, mineralocorticoid excess and sex steroid deficiency. Objective: To examine the phenotypic spectrum of 17OHD by clinical and biochemical assessment and corresponding in silico and in vitro functional analysis. Design: Case series. Patients and results: We assessed eight patients with 17OHD, including four with extreme 17OHD phenotypes: two siblings presented with failure to thrive in early infancy and two with isolated sex steroid deficiency and normal cortisol reserve. Diagnosis was established by mass spectrometr y-based urinary steroid profiling and confirmed by genetic CYP17A1 analysis, revealing homozygous and compound heterozygous seque nce variants. We found novel (p.Gly111Val, p.Ala398Glu, p.Ile371Thr) and previously described sequence variants (p.Pro409Leu, p.Arg347His, p.Gly436Arg, p.Phe53/54del, p.Tyr60IlefsLys88X). In vitro functional studies employing an overexpression system in HEK293 cells showed that 17,20-lyase activity was invariably decreased while mutant 17α-hydroxylase activity retained up to 14% of WT activity in the two patients with intact cortis ol reserve. A ratio of urinary corticosterone over cortisol metabolites reflective of 17α-hydroxylase activity correlated well with clinical phenotype s everity. Conclusion: Our findings illustrate the broad phenotypic spectrum of 17OHD. Isolated sex steroid deficiency with normal stimulated cortisol has not been reported before. Attenu ation of 17α-hydroxylase activity is readily detected by urinary steroid profiling and predicts phenotype severity.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sun M, Mueller JW, Gilligan LC, Taylor AE, Shaheen F, Noczynska A, T'Sjoen G, Denvir L, Shenoy S, Fulton P, Cheetham TD, Gleeson H, Rahman10 M, Krone NP, Taylor NF, Shackleton CHL, Arlt W, Idkowiak J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Endocrinology

Year: 2021

Volume: 185

Issue: 5

Pages: 729-741

Print publication date: 01/11/2021

Online publication date: 11/10/2021

Acceptance date: 15/09/2021

Date deposited: 06/11/2023

ISSN (print): 0804-4643

ISSN (electronic): 1479-683X

Publisher: BioScientifica Ltd.


DOI: 10.1530/EJE-21-0152

PubMed id: 34524979


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