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Temporal trends of primary hinge knee arthroplasty and risk factors associated with revision: National Joint Registry data from 2003 to 2018 for 4921 patients

Lookup NU author(s): Professor David Deehan, Dr Peter Avery, Paul Baker


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© 2022 Elsevier B.V. Background: The aim was to describe temporal changes and associated changes in patient demographics and surgical variables, revision rate and factors associated with revision of primary hinge knee arthroplasty (HKA) in the UK. Methods: National Joint Registry data for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Isle of Mann was used to examine the temporal trends in patient demographics, surgical factors and indications for primary HKA usage over a 16-year (2003 to 2018) period and associated risk factors for revision. Results: There were 4921 patient episodes with a median follow up of 5.5 (range 0 to 16.3) years. The median age was 75years and the majority were female (72.9%). There was a tenfold increase in the use of HKA (p < 0.001), with an increased relative usage in female patients (p = 0.010), but no significant changes in age (p = 0.484) or BMI (p = 0.781). There were 227 revisions performed at a median of 695days. The overall unadjusted probabilities of revision at 1, 5 and 10 years were 1.5% (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.1to1.8), 4.4% (95%CI 3.7 to 5.0) and 6.4% (95%CI 5.5 to 7.3), respectively. Cox proportional hazard analysis demonstrated younger age (p < 0.01), male sex (hazard ratio (HR) 1.43, p < 0.01), morbid obesity (HR 2.31, p = 0.022) or previous trauma as the indication (HR 1.48, p = 0.025) were associated with an increased risk of revision. Conclusion: There was an increase in the use of HKA with increased uptake among female patients. The revision rate was a 6.4% at 10 years, however, younger age, male sex, morbid obesity or previous trauma were associated with an increased risk of revision. Level of Evidence: III Retrospective study.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Deehan DJ, Clement ND, Avery P, Mason J, Baker PN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The Knee

Year: 2022

Volume: 34

Pages: 279-287

Online publication date: 29/01/2022

Acceptance date: 06/01/2022

ISSN (print): 0968-0160

ISSN (electronic): 1873-5800

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.


DOI: 10.1016/j.knee.2022.01.004


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