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Export Quality Upgrading and Environmental Sustainability: Evidence from the East Asia and Pacific Region

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Vu TrinhORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


In this study, we examine the effect of export quality upgrading through evolution of energy mix and transportation on environmental sustainability using panel cointegration techniques. Utilising a dataset of East Asia and Pacific countries, we find that the export quality amelioration of goods and services tends to increase the carbon-produced intensity. Economically, a 1% rise in the export quality index could surge CO2 emissions by 0.71%. However, such a relationship is nonlinear as reflected through an inverted U-shaped linkage between export quality and environmental performance, i.e., evolution in energy use, economic growth, transportation and trade openness can reduce CO2 emissions when it reaches a certain threshold. The main results survive when we re-estimate all models by substituting production-based CO2 emissions by Consumption Emissions and Economic Complexity Index of Hidalgo and Haussmann.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Trinh VQ, Nguyen ATQ, Vo XV

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Research in International Business and Finance

Year: 2022

Volume: 60

Print publication date: 01/04/2022

Online publication date: 16/02/2022

Acceptance date: 13/02/2022

Date deposited: 14/02/2022

ISSN (print): 0275-5319

ISSN (electronic): 1878-3384

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.ribaf.2022.101632

ePrints DOI: 10.57711/2pj4-z748


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