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Rural Cooling Needs Assessment towards Designing Community Cooling Hubs: Case Studies from Maharashtra, India

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Kumar Biswajit DebnathORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


In a rapidly warming world, sustainable cooling is directly related to the protection of fresh and nutritious food, medicines, and the population from extreme heat for work conditions, the economic productivity of the working population, and income generation. This study aimed to understand how rural communities are meeting their nutrition, livelihood, health, living space, and mobility requirements regarding the role of cooling. We selected three villages as case studies in Maharashtra, India and conducted household surveys, in-depth interviews of key informants, focus group discussions (FGDs), and social mapping building typology study. The objective was to assess the rural community cooling to propose a community cooling hub (CCH) framework that could be economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable for the three villages. Our study showed that agriculture, dairy, buildings (domestic and commercial), and healthcare require cooling intervention in the studied communities. Based on the needs assessment for cooling, we proposed a CCH framework to provide cooling solutions in an integrated system for rural contexts. community cooling hub; rural community; cooling needs assessment; India

Publication metadata

Author(s): Debnath KB, Wang X, Peters T, Menon S, Awate S, Patwardhan G, Wadkar N, Patankar M, Shendage Priyanka

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Sustainability

Year: 2021

Volume: 13

Issue: 10

Online publication date: 17/05/2021

Acceptance date: 14/05/2021

Date deposited: 02/04/2022

ISSN (print): 1937-0695

ISSN (electronic): 1937-0709

Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute


DOI: 10.3390/su13105595


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Funder referenceFunder name
Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation, grant number G19 SSEF 436