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Aromatic free Fenton process for rapid removal of phenol from refinery wastewater in an oscillatory baffled reactor

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Adam Harvey



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


© 2021 The Author(s). The need for clean, safe, and unpolluted water has recently become an important issue. Industrial processes such as petrochemical, pharmaceutical, pulp, and paper industries emit organic products in water, such as phenols, which are extremely toxic to aquatic life. The severe operating conditions, such as high pressure and temperature, of the conventional chemical oxidation processes of phenols cost a lot and limited the extensive application of the process. The present work depicts the development of a highly efficient and rapid oxidation process in an oscillating baffled reactor (OBR) to allow continuous and safe phenol removal under moderate operating conditions. Phenol conversion was studied as a function of initial concentration (300–500 ppm), pH (3–5), residence time (1–5 min), at constant amplitude (A = 4 mm), and frequency (f = 4 Hz) of oscillation and room temperature to achieve up to 94.6%. At 70 °C, 300 ppm starting concentration, pH = 3, 4 Hz frequency, and 4 mm amplitude, an exceptional removal of 99.858% phenol was achieved without additional extraction in just 3 min by optimizing the working parameters. This is a significant improvement over comparable processes at this temperature, and it was done in a reactor that scales up reliably, so this performance can likely be replicated on a large scale. Also, the present process was safe as it produced a nil concentration of the hazardous Fenton intermediate compounds.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hassan AA, Gheni SA, Ahmed SMR, Abdullah GH, Harvey A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Arabian Journal of Chemistry

Year: 2022

Volume: 15

Issue: 5

Print publication date: 01/05/2022

Online publication date: 23/12/2021

Acceptance date: 09/12/2021

Date deposited: 07/03/2022

ISSN (print): 1878-5352

ISSN (electronic): 1878-5379

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.


DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2021.103635


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