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European Association of Urology Guidelines on the Management of Female Non-neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms. Part 2: Underactive Bladder, Bladder Outlet Obstruction, and Nocturia

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Christopher HardingORCiD


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© 2022 European Association of Urology. Context: Female lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a common presentation in urological practice. Thus far, only a limited number of female LUTS conditions have been included in the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines compendium. The new non-neurogenic female LUTS guidelines expand the remit to include these symptoms and conditions. Objective: To summarise the management of underactive bladder (UAB), bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), and nocturia in females. Evidence acquisition: The literature search was updated in September 2021 and evidence synthesis was conducted using modified GRADE approach as outlined for all EAU guidelines. A new systematic review on BOO was carried out by the panel for purposes of this guideline. Evidence synthesis: The important considerations for informing guideline recommendations are presented, along with a summary of all the guideline recommendations. Conclusions: Non-neurogenic female LUTS are an important presentation of urological dysfunction. Initial evaluation, diagnosis, and management should be carried out in a structured and logical fashion on the basis of the best available evidence. This guideline serves to present this evidence to practising urologists and other health care providers in an easily accessible and digestible format. Patient summary: This report summarises the main recommendations from the European Association of Urology guideline on symptoms and diseases of the female lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) not associated with neurological disease. We cover recommendations related to the treatment of underactive bladder, obstruction of the bladder outlet, and nighttime urination.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Arlandis S, Bo K, Cobussen-Boekhorst H, Costantini E, de Heide M, Farag F, Groen J, Karavitakis M, Lapitan MC, Manso M, Arteaga SM, Nambiar AK, Riogh ANA, O'Connor E, Omar MI, Peyronnet B, Phe V, Sakalis VI, Sihra N, Tzelves L, van Poelgeest-Pomfret M-L, van den Bos TWL, van der Vaart H, Harding CK

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Urology

Year: 2022

Volume: 82

Issue: 1

Pages: 60-70

Print publication date: 01/07/2022

Online publication date: 16/02/2022

Acceptance date: 26/01/2022

ISSN (print): 0302-2838

ISSN (electronic): 1873-7560

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.


DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2022.01.044