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Conservative treatment of knee osteoarthritis: A review of the literature

Lookup NU author(s): Wei Lim, Oday Al-Dadah



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic debilitating disease with an estimated prevalence of 23.9% in the general adult population. The condition is characterised by joint pain, functional impairment and significant reduction in quality of life. Management for KOA can generally be divided into conservative (non-operative) and surgical (operative) measures. Conservative management broadly compromises pharmacological and non-pharmacological options and is conventionally the first line treatment to avoid or delay the need for surgical management. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the current recommendations, efficacy and safety profile of different conservative treatments through a review of the literature.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lim WB, Al-Dadah O

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: World Journal of Orthopedics

Year: 2022

Volume: 13

Issue: 3

Pages: 212-229

Print publication date: 18/03/2022

Online publication date: 18/03/2022

Acceptance date: 29/01/2022

Date deposited: 26/06/2023

ISSN (electronic): 2218-5836

Publisher: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc


DOI: 10.5312/wjo.v13.i3.212

PubMed id: 35317254


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