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Real-Time Estimation of PEMFC Parameters Using a Continuous-Discrete Extended Kalman Filter Derived from a Pseudo Two-Dimensional Model

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Adib Allahham



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) are clean energy conversion devices that are widely used in various energy applications. In most applications, the main challenge is accurately estimating the state of health (SoH) of the PEMFCs during dynamic operating conditions. Moreover, their behavior is affected by numerous physical phenomena such as heat and membrane flooding. This paper proposes the design of an observer to estimate the PEMFC parameters. A state-space model is first built from 2D physical equations solved by a finite difference in a discretized space domain. The discretized dynamic model is then used to design an observer based on the continuous-discrete extended Kalman filter. The observer has been validated experimentally and is used to estimate the parameters of a PEMFC under dynamic operating conditions. For several load variations, the results obtained using the proposed observer accurately characterize the dynamic responses of PEMFC in real-time.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Diab Y, Auger F, Schaeffer E, Chevalier S, Allahham A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Energies

Year: 2022

Volume: 15

Issue: 7

Online publication date: 23/03/2022

Acceptance date: 17/03/2022

Date deposited: 21/04/2022

ISSN (electronic): 1996-1073

Publisher: MDPI


DOI: 10.3390/en15072337


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