Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Mitochondrial ROS signalling requires uninterrupted electron flow and is lost during ageing in flies

Lookup NU author(s): Charlotte Graham, Dr Rhoda StefanatosORCiD, Dr Filippo Scialo

Downloads


Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2022, The Author(s). Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) are cellular messengers essential for cellular homeostasis. In response to stress, reverse electron transport (RET) through respiratory complex I generates high levels of mtROS. Suppression of ROS production via RET (ROS-RET) reduces survival under stress, while activation of ROS-RET extends lifespan in basal conditions. Here, we demonstrate that ROS-RET signalling requires increased electron entry and uninterrupted electron flow through the electron transport chain (ETC). We find that in old fruit flies, ROS-RET is abolished when electron flux is decreased and that their mitochondria produce consistently high levels of mtROS. Finally, we demonstrate that in young flies, limiting electron exit, but not entry, from the ETC phenocopies mtROS generation observed in old individuals. Our results elucidate the mechanism by which ROS signalling is lost during ageing.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Graham C, Stefanatos R, Yek AEH, Spriggs RV, Loh SHY, Uribe AH, Zhang T, Martins LM, Maddocks ODK, Scialo F, Sanz A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: GeroScience

Year: 2022

Pages: Epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 30/03/2022

Acceptance date: 22/03/2022

Date deposited: 21/04/2022

ISSN (print): 2509-2715

ISSN (electronic): 2509-2723

Publisher: Springer Nature

URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-022-00555-x

DOI: 10.1007/s11357-022-00555-x

PubMed id: 35355221


Altmetrics

Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funding

Funder referenceFunder name
212241/A/18/Z
204715/Z/16/ZWellcome Trust
BB/R008167/2
C53309/A19702
MC_ UU_00025/3
RG94521

Share