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Association between time to treatment and clinical outcomes in endovascular thrombectomy beyond 6 hours without advanced imaging selection

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Phil White


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© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Background: The effectiveness and safety of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in the late window (6-24 hours) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients selected without advanced imaging is undetermined. We aimed to assess clinical outcomes and the relationship with time-to-EVT treatment beyond 6 hours of stroke onset without advanced neuroimaging. Methods: Patients who underwent EVT selected with non-contrast CT/CT angiography (without CT perfusion or MR imaging), between October 2015 and March 2020, were included from a national stroke registry. Functional and safety outcomes were assessed in both early (<6 hours) and late windows with time analyzed as a continuous variable. Results: Among 3278 patients, 2610 (79.6%) and 668 (20.4%) patients were included in the early and late windows, respectively. In the late window, for every hour delay, there was no significant association with shift towards poorer functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale (mRS)) at discharge (adjusted common OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.01, p=0.27) or change in predicted functional independence (mRS ≤2) (24.5% to 23.3% from 6 to 24 hours; aOR 0.99, 95% CI0.94 to 1.04, p=0.85). In contrast, predicted functional independence was time sensitive in the early window: 5.2% reduction per-hour delay (49.4% to 23.5% from 1 to 6 hours, p=0.0001). There were similar rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) (3.4% vs 4.6%, p=0.54) and in-hospital mortality (12.9% vs 14.6%, p=0.33) in the early and late windows, respectively, without a significant association with time. Conclusion: In this real-world study, there was minimal change in functional disability, sICH and in-hospital mortality within and across the late window. While confirmatory randomized trials are needed, these findings suggest that EVT remains feasible and safe when performed in AIS patients selected without advanced neuroimaging between 6-24 hours from stroke onset.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Dhillon PS, Butt W, Podlasek A, McConachie N, Lenthall R, Nair S, Malik L, Bhogal P, Makalanda HLD, Spooner O, Krishnan K, Sprigg N, Mortimer A, Booth TC, Lobotesis K, White P, James MA, Bath P, Dineen RA, England TJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery

Year: 2023

Volume: 15

Issue: 4

Pages: 336-342

Print publication date: 01/04/2023

Online publication date: 16/03/2022

Acceptance date: 24/02/2022

ISSN (print): 1759-8478

ISSN (electronic): 1759-8486

Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1136/neurintsurg-2021-018564

PubMed id: 35296526


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