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Hyperluminous starburst gives up its secrets

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Christopher HarrisonORCiD


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© 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical SocietyHATLAS J084933.4 + 021443 was identified as a dusty starburst via its rest-frame far-infrared (far-IR) emission. Multifrequency imaging and spectroscopy revealed a cluster of four dusty galaxies at z = 2.41, covering 80 kpc. Here, we use Atacama Large Millimetre Array to confirm a more distant, fifth protocluster member, and present X-ray and rest-frame optical imaging spectroscopy of the brightest, an unlensed hyperluminous IR galaxy (HyLIRG). The data reveal broad Hα and bright [N II] lines, and bright X-ray emission, characteristics that betray a Type-1 active galactic nucleus (AGN), strengthening evidence that AGN are ubiquitous amongst HyLIRGs. The accreting black hole is supermassive, Mbh ≈ 2 × 109 M☉, with little intrinsic absorption, NH ≈ 5 × 1021 cm−2. The X-ray properties suggest the accretion luminosity rivals that of the starburst, yet it is not obvious where this emerges in its panchromatic spectral energy distribution. We outline three scenarios that could give rise to the observed characteristics, and how we might distinguish between them. In the first, we see the AGN through the host galaxy because of the cavity it excavates. In the others, the AGN is not cospatial with the starburst, having been ejected via asymmetric gravitational radiation, or having evolved towards the naked quasar phase in an unseen companion.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ivison RJ, Page MJ, Cirasuolo M, Harrison CM, Mainieri V, Arumugam V, Dudzeviciute U

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Year: 2019

Volume: 489

Issue: 1

Pages: 427-436

Online publication date: 08/08/2019

Acceptance date: 26/07/2019

ISSN (print): 0035-8711

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2966

Publisher: Oxford University Press


DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2180


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