Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Why is Bangladesh’s electricity generation heading towards a GHG emissions-intensive future?

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Kumar Biswajit DebnathORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Bangladesh—recently graduated to developing nation category from a least developed country with an emerging economy also is one of the severely affected countries by climate change—is heading towards a coal-intensive electricity generation mix contrary to global decarbonisation efforts. It is facing formidable challenges in achieving universal access to affordable, reliable, and sustainable electricity, decarbonising the energy mix by 2030 to achieve the objective of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, despite a 285% increase of installed capacity between 2008–09 and 2020–21 and aiming at achieving 40 GW and 60 GW by 2030 and 2041 with planned expansions, respectively. This study reviewed Bangladesh’s electricity sector developments—demand, generation, transmission, and distribution (T&D)—to identify progress in policies, drivers, and challenges behind the Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions-intensive future direction. The rapid population and economic growth and shift towards industry-based economy drove the exponential growth in energy demand, eventually influencing the rapid generation capacity and T&D infrastructure development. However, Bangladesh has targeted transitioning from natural gas to coal dominating fuel mix due to the lower renewable potential, energy, and food security challenges, because of the anticipated substantial future electricity demand for becoming an Upper Middle and a High-income country by 2031 and 2041, respectively. We also recommended nuclear energy, (renewable) electricity import and floating solar plants to decarbonise the current trajectory.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Debnath KB, Mourshed M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Carbon Management

Year: 2022

Volume: 13

Issue: 1

Pages: 216-237

Print publication date: 09/05/2022

Online publication date: 09/05/2022

Acceptance date: 14/04/2022

Date deposited: 11/05/2022

ISSN (print): 1758-3004

ISSN (electronic): 1758-3012

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


DOI: 10.1080/17583004.2022.2068454


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
First Flex Fund from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Supergen Energy Networks Hub
the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), UK and Cardiff University