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The matter density PDF for modified gravity and dark energy with Large Deviations Theory

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Cora UhlemannORCiD, Mx Alex Gough


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© 2022 The Author(s).We present an analytical description of the probability distribution function (PDF) of the smoothed 3D matter density field for modified gravity and dark energy. Our approach, based on the principles of Large Deviations Theory, is applicable to general extensions of the standard Lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmology. We show that late-time changes to the law of gravity and background expansion can be included through Einstein-de Sitter spherical collapse dynamics combined with linear theory calculations and a calibration measurement of the non-linear variance of the smoothed density field from a simple numerical simulation. In a comparison to N-body simulations for f(R), DGP, and evolving dark energy theories, we find per cent level accuracy around the peak of the distribution for predictions in the mildly non-linear regime. A Fisher forecast of an idealized experiment with a Euclid-like survey volume demonstrates the power of combining measurements of the 3D matter PDF with the 3D matter power spectrum. This combination is shown to halve the uncertainty on parameters for an evolving dark energy model, relative to a power spectrum analysis on its own. The PDF is also found to substantially increase the detection significance for small departures from General Relativity, with improvements of up to six times compared to the power spectrum alone. This analysis is therefore very promising for future studies including non-Gaussian statistics, as it has the potential to alleviate the reliance of these analyses on expensive high-resolution simulations and emulators.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Cataneo M, Uhlemann C, Arnold C, Gough A, Li B, Heymans C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Year: 2022

Volume: 513

Issue: 2

Pages: 1623-1641

Print publication date: 01/06/2022

Online publication date: 07/04/2022

Acceptance date: 26/03/2022

ISSN (print): 0035-8711

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2966

Publisher: Oxford University Press


DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac904


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