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Knitted cultivation: Textiling a multi-kingdom bio architecture

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jane Scott, Romy Kaiser, Dilan Ozkan, Aileen Hoenerloh, Armand Agraviador, Professor Ben BridgensORCiD



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of a conference proceedings (inc. abstract) that has been published in its final definitive form by CRC press, 2022.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


The BioKnit prototype is a free-standing architectural construction fabricated using knitted fabric, mycelium, and bacterial cellulose. This paper documents the experimental work that underpins the development of BioKnit and presents a new methodological approach; the Living Textiles strategy that combines biological experimentation with parametric modelling and knit programming. Using knitted fabric, this fabrication system is capable of easily achieving complex, curvaceous architectural forms, as well as providing an integrated scaffold and mould to guide biomaterial growth and expression. This paper highlights specific aspects of the Living Textile Strategy to enable scalability, biocompatibility and material expression to extend and enhance the range of qualities achievable in architectural bio-construction.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Scott J, Kaiser R, Ozkan D, Hoenerloh A, Agraviador A, Elsacker E, Bridgens B

Editor(s): Hvejsel & Cruz (eds)

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: ICSA Structures and Architecture

Year of Conference: 2022

Online publication date: 08/07/2022

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

Date deposited: 19/07/2022

Publisher: CRC press


DOI: 10.1201/9781003023555

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9780367902810