Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Measuring disability in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease: the WHODAS 2.0-36, WHODAS 2.0-32, and WHODAS 2.0-12

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Timothy Williams


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


© 2022 World Federation of Neurology on behalf of the Research Group on Motor Neuron Diseases. Aim: To investigate whether the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS) can provide interval level measurement of disability in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), allowing parametric analyses. Methods: Data on the WHODAS 12, 32, and 36-item versions, from 1120 patients studied at one or more time points, were fit to the Rasch model and comparisons made against ALSFRS-R, King’s staging, and mortality. Trajectory modeling was undertaken for a newly diagnosed (≤6 months) cohort of 454 individuals. Results: Total scores for WHODAS 32 and 36-item versions can be converted to interval level measurement suitable for individual clinical use, and the 12-item WHODAS total for group use. The 36-item version is shown to be equivalent to the 32-item version. Expected correlations were seen with King’s staging, ALSFRS-R, and EQ-5D-5L. Trajectory analysis of disability (WHODAS 2.0) showed three clearly demarcated groups with differences in King’s staging, depressive symptomatology and mortality, but not age. Conclusions: The WHODAS 2.0 is a brief patient reported outcome measure which can be used to measure disability in ALS. Provided the patient answers all 36 (32 if not working) items, the conversion table produces an interval level estimate for parametric analyses. The different trajectories demonstrated from diagnosis support the concept of a prodromal period, and suggest the WHODAS 2.0 could be used for surveillance of at risk populations, such as those with genetic predisposition.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Young CA, Ealing J, McDermott CJ, Williams TL, Al-Chalabi A, Majeed T, Talbot K, Harrower T, Faull C, Malaspina A, Annadale J, Mills RJ, Tennant A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration

Year: 2022

Pages: Epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 23/07/2022

Acceptance date: 12/07/2022

ISSN (print): 2167-8421

ISSN (electronic): 2167-9223

Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd


DOI: 10.1080/21678421.2022.2102926


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric