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What unique knowledge and experiences do healthcare professionals have working in clinical informatics?

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Clare TolleyORCiD, James Jenson, Professor Sarah Slight



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022Objective: Describe the knowledge, skills and competencies that healthcare professionals hold working in the area of clinical informatics. Materials and methods: We conducted a systematic literature review across five large databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ERIC, and SCOPUS. The titles, abstracts and full texts were screened in line with the PRISMA guidelines. Data was extracted onto a data extraction sheet, and a narrative synthesis was undertaken. We used the Critical Appraisal Skills Program to appraise the included studies. Results: 52 articles and 7 grey literature sources met our inclusion criteria. We grouped knowledge and skills into nine key competency domains: (1) health sciences and services, (2) professionalism and clinical practice skills in healthcare, (3) information science and technology, (4) health informatics specialisation, (5) communication, (6) financial planning and management, (7) analytical assessment and decision making, (8) education and training, and (9) leadership and change management. A broad range of information-specific knowledge and skills were described. Discussion and conclusions: This review identified a broad range of knowledge and expertise held by healthcare professionals in these nine competency domains. A competency framework to standardise the required knowledge and skills would be beneficial to the profession, and promote effective multi-disciplinary informatics working environments.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Brouat S, Tolley C, Bates DW, Jenson J, Slight SP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Informatics in Medicine Unlocked

Year: 2022

Volume: 32

Online publication date: 14/07/2022

Acceptance date: 09/07/2022

Date deposited: 01/08/2022

ISSN (electronic): 2352-9148

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.imu.2022.101014


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