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Asynchronous glacier dynamics during the Antarctic Cold Reversal in central Patagonia

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Bethan DaviesORCiD


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© 2018 The AuthorsWe present 14 new 10Be cosmogenic nuclide exposure ages quantifying asynchronous readvances during the Antarctic Cold Reversal from glaciers in the Baker Valley region of central Patagonia. We constrain glacier and ice-dammed palaeolake dynamics using a landsystems approach, concentrating on outlet glaciers from the eastern Northern Patagonian Icefield (NPI) and Monte San Lorenzo (MSL). Soler Glacier (NPI) produced lateral moraines above Lago Bertrand from 15.1 ± 0.7 to 14.0 ± 0.6 ka, when it dammed the drainage of Lago General Carrera/Buenos Aires through Río Baker at a bedrock pinning point. At this time, Soler Glacier terminated into the 400 m “Deseado” level of the ice-dammed palaeolake. Later, Calluqueo Glacier (MSL) deposited subaerial and subaqueous moraines in the Salto Valley near Cochrane at 13.0 ± 0.6 ka. These moraines were deposited in an ice-dammed palaeolake unified through the Baker Valley (Lago Chalenko; 350 m asl). The Salto Valley glaciolacustrine landsystem includes subaqueous morainal banks, ice-scoured bedrock, glacial diamicton plastered onto valley sides, perched delta terraces, kame terraces, ice-contact fans, palaeoshorelines and subaerial push and lateral moraines. Boulders from the subaqueous Salto Moraine became exposed at 12.1 ± 0.6 years, indicating palaeolake drainage. These data show an asynchronous advance of outlet glaciers from the Northern Patagonian Icefield and Monte San Lorenzo during the Antarctic Cold Reversal. These advances occurred during a period of regional climatic cooling, but differential moraine extent and timing of advance was controlled by topography and calving processes.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Davies BJ, Thorndycraft VR, Fabel D, Martin JRV

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Quaternary Science Reviews

Year: 2018

Volume: 200

Pages: 287-312

Print publication date: 15/11/2018

Online publication date: 10/10/2018

Acceptance date: 18/09/2018

ISSN (print): 0277-3791

ISSN (electronic): 1873-457X

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.09.025


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