Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Monoallelic pathogenic ALG5 variants cause atypical polycystic kidney disease and interstitial fibrosis

Lookup NU author(s): Professor John SayerORCiD, Dr Eric OlingerORCiD, Miguel Barroso Gil


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


© 2022 American Society of Human GeneticsDisorders of the autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) spectrum are characterized by the development of kidney cysts and progressive kidney function decline. PKD1 and PKD2, encoding polycystin (PC)1 and 2, are the two major genes associated with ADPKD; other genes include IFT140, GANAB, DNAJB11, and ALG9. Genetic testing remains inconclusive in ∼7% of the families. We performed whole-exome sequencing in a large multiplex genetically unresolved (GUR) family affected by ADPKD-like symptoms and identified a monoallelic frameshift variant (c.703_704delCA) in ALG5. ALG5 encodes an endoplasmic-reticulum-resident enzyme required for addition of glucose molecules to the assembling N-glycan precursors. To identify additional families, we screened a cohort of 1,213 families with ADPKD-like and/or autosomal-dominant tubulointerstitial kidney diseases (ADTKD), GUR (n = 137) or naive to genetic testing (n = 1,076), by targeted massively parallel sequencing, and we accessed Genomics England 100,000 Genomes Project data. Four additional families with pathogenic variants in ALG5 were identified. Clinical presentation was consistent in the 23 affected members, with non-enlarged cystic kidneys and few or no liver cysts; 8 subjects reached end-stage kidney disease from 62 to 91 years of age. We demonstrate that ALG5 haploinsufficiency is sufficient to alter the synthesis of the N-glycan chain in renal epithelial cells. We also show that ALG5 is required for PC1 maturation and membrane and ciliary localization and that heterozygous loss of ALG5 affects PC1 maturation. Overall, our results indicate that monoallelic variants of ALG5 lead to a disorder of the ADPKD-spectrum characterized by multiple small kidney cysts, progressive interstitial fibrosis, and kidney function decline.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lemoine H, Raud L, Foulquier F, Sayer JA, Lambert B, Olinger E, Lefevre S, Knebelmann B, Harris PC, Trouve P, Despres A, Duneau G, Matignon M, Poyet A, Jourde-Chiche N, Guerrot D, Lemoine S, Seret G, Barroso-Gil M, Bingham C, Gilbert R, Le Meur Y, Audrezet M-P, Cornec-Le Gall E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: American Journal of Human Genetics

Year: 2022

Volume: 109

Issue: 8

Pages: 1484-1499

Print publication date: 05/08/2022

Online publication date: 26/07/2022

Acceptance date: 23/06/2022

ISSN (print): 0002-9297

ISSN (electronic): 1537-6605

Publisher: Cell Press


DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.06.013

PubMed id: 35896117


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric