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Impedance-based forecasting of lithium-ion battery performance amid uneven usage

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Ulrich Stimming



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022, The Author(s). Accurate forecasting of lithium-ion battery performance is essential for easing consumer concerns about the safety and reliability of electric vehicles. Most research on battery health prognostics focuses on the research and development setting where cells are subjected to the same usage patterns. However, in practical operation, there is great variability in use across cells and cycles, thus making forecasting challenging. To address this challenge, here we propose a combination of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements with probabilistic machine learning methods. Making use of a dataset of 88 commercial lithium-ion coin cells generated via multistage charging and discharging (with currents randomly changed between cycles), we show that future discharge capacities can be predicted with calibrated uncertainties, given the future cycling protocol and a single electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurement made immediately before charging, and without any knowledge of usage history. The results are robust to cell manufacturer, the distribution of cycling protocols, and temperature. The research outcome also suggests that battery health is better quantified by a multidimensional vector rather than a scalar state of health.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Jones PK, Stimming U, Lee AA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Nature Communications

Year: 2022

Volume: 13

Issue: 1

Online publication date: 16/08/2022

Acceptance date: 28/07/2022

Date deposited: 14/09/2022

ISSN (electronic): 2041-1723

Publisher: Springer Nature


DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-32422-w

PubMed id: 35974010


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Funder referenceFunder name
Alan Turing Institute
Ernest Oppenheimer Fund
Royal Society
Winton Programme for the Physics of Sustainability