Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

CRELD2 is a novel modulator of calcium release and calcineurin-NFAT signalling during osteoclast differentiation

Lookup NU author(s): Adam Duxfield, Dr Jennifer Munkley, Professor Michael Briggs, Dr Ella Dennis



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022, The Author(s). Cysteine rich with epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains 2 (CRELD2) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident chaperone protein with calcium binding properties. CRELD2 is an ER-stress regulated gene that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of skeletal dysplasias and has been shown to play an important role in the differentiation of chondrocytes and osteoblasts. Despite CRELD2 having an established role in skeletal development and bone formation, its role in osteoclasts is currently unknown. Here we show for the first time that CRELD2 plays a novel role in trafficking transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), which is linked to an upregulation in the expression of Nfat2, the master regulator of osteoclast differentiation in early osteoclastogenesis. Despite this finding, we show that overexpressing CRELD2 impaired osteoclast differentiation due to a reduction in the activity of the calcium-dependant phosphatase, calcineurin. This in turn led to a subsequent block in the dephosphorylation of nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1), preventing its nuclear localisation and activation as a pro-osteoclastogenic transcription factor. Our exciting results show that the overexpression of Creld2 in osteoclasts impaired calcium release from the ER which is essential for activating calcineurin and promoting osteoclastogenesis. Therefore, our data proposes a novel inhibitory role for this calcium-binding ER-resident chaperone in modulating calcium flux during osteoclast differentiation which has important implications in our understanding of bone remodelling and the pathogenesis of skeletal diseases.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Duxfield A, Munkley J, Briggs MD, Dennis EP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Scientific Reports

Year: 2022

Volume: 12

Issue: 1

Online publication date: 16/08/2022

Acceptance date: 25/07/2022

Date deposited: 05/09/2022

ISSN (electronic): 2045-2322

Publisher: Springer Nature


DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-17347-0

PubMed id: 35974042


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric