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Repair of ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm is worthwhile in selected cases

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Gerard Stansby

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The risks and benefits of operating on patients with ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) have not been defined. The aim of the present study is to report this unit's experience with operations performed for ruptured TAAA over a 10-year period. METHODS: Interrogation of a prospectively gathered computerised database. PATIENTS: Between 1 January 1983 and 30 June 1996, 188 consecutive patients with TAAA were operated on, of whom 23 (12%) were operated for rupture. RESULTS: There were nine survivors (40%). Patients whose preoperative systolic blood pressure remained above 100 mmHg were significantly more likely to survive (4/8 vs. 13/15, p = 0.03 by Fisher's exact test). Survival was also related to Crawford type: type I (two of three survived); II (none of six); III (two of six); and IV (five of eight). All non-type II, non-shocked patients survived operation. Survivors spent a median of 28 (range 10-66) postoperative days in hospital, of which a median of 6 (range 2-24) days were spent in the intensive care unit. Survivor morbidity comprised prolonged ventilation (> 5 days) (n = 3); tracheostomy (n = 1); and temporary haemofiltration (n = 2). No survivor developed paraplegia or required permanent dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients in shock with a Crawford type II aneurysm have such a poor prognosis that intervention has to be questioned except in the most favourable of circumstances. However, patients with types I, III and IV who are not shocked on presentation can be salvaged and, where possible, should be transferred to a unit where appropriate expertise and facilities are available.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Stansby G; Bradbury AW; Bulstrode NW; Gilling-Smith G; Mansfield AO; Wolfe JH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery

Year: 1999

Volume: 17

Issue: 2

Pages: 160-165

Print publication date: 01/02/1999

ISSN (print): 1078-5884

ISSN (electronic): 1532-2165

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/ejvs.1998.0753

DOI: 10.1053/ejvs.1998.0753


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