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The Cause and Duration of Emergency Admissions to Hospital in People with Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease, Under the Care of a UK Service, During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Lookup NU author(s): Penny Ellis, Dr Matthew Davies, Iakov Bolnykh, Professor Richard Walker


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BACKGROUND: People with Parkinson's disease (PD) have higher rates of hospitalisation and healthcare utilisation compared to the general population. The COVID-19 pandemic caused significant changes in admissions to hospital and access to healthcare. People with PD are some of the most vulnerable to such changes. There is no pre-existing data on the cause and duration of admission to hospital of people with PD during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause, duration, and outcome of hospital admissions to Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust (NHCFT) for people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) in 2020. METHODS: All people with IPD who had an emergency admission to NHCFT between 01/01/2020 and 31/12/2020 were identified. Demographic and disease characteristics, the number, duration, cause of admission and the location prior to admission were collected from an audit of medical notes. RESULTS: 271 people with IPD had one or more emergency admissions to NHCFT between 01/01/2020 and 31/12/2020. There was a total of 453 emergency admissions, with a median duration of 5 (IQR 2-13) days. The most common causes of admission to hospital were PD-related motor dysfunction (includes falls with no other underlying cause or associated injury) and injury (includes falls with fracture), at 78 (17.2%) and 70 (15.5%) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: People with IPD had a short duration but high number of emergency admissions to hospital. Our chronological data on number of admissions shows a peak in admissions during August 2020. As a result of these findings and emerging data we suggest that individuals with PD deconditioned during 2020.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ellis PK, Davies ML, Gray WK, Barber M, Bolnykh I, Sadler M, Walker RW

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Parkinson's Disease

Year: 2022

Volume: 12

Issue: 6

Pages: 1833-1840

Print publication date: 02/09/2022

Online publication date: 23/05/2022

Acceptance date: 08/05/2022

ISSN (print): 1877-7171

ISSN (electronic): 1877-718X

Publisher: IOS Press


DOI: 10.3233/JPD-223173

PubMed id: 35634853


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