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The therapeutic and preventive effects of a canine-origin VB12-producing Lactobacillus on DSS-induced colitis in mice

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Kevin WaldronORCiD


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© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.Vitamin B12 (VB12) plays vital roles as a cofactor in reactions related to biosynthesis and metabolic regulation. Animals with diarrhoea from intestinal inflammation are susceptible to VB12 deficiency due to dysfunctional absorption. No current medications for canine intestinal inflammation can simultaneously act as VB12 supplements. Here we have tested a strain of VB12-producing Lactobacillus, to investigate its safety in healthy dogs and test for hypothesized therapeutic and preventive effects on murine colitis. Results from enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, histopathological analysis, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed normal physical conditions of healthy dogs given Lactobacillus, and blood biochemical indices showed no significant differences in markers, indicating safety of Lactobacillus to healthy dogs. The microbiota in animals receiving VB12-producing Lactobacillus probiotic exhibited decreased abundance of Escherichia coli and concomitant increase in Lactobacillus. The probiotic supplement also resulted in downregulation of proinflammatory cytokines in murine colon tissues, reduced myeloperoxidase activity and malondialdehyde level, and significantly increased serum VB12 level and decreased homocysteine in therapeutic and preventive experiments. Moreover, Lactobacillus supplement decreased colonic inflammation and injury, improved gut microbiota, and ameliorated VB12 deficiency as an adjunctive therapy. We conclude this product is potentially beneficial for efficient therapy and prevention of VB12 deficiency form intestinal inflammation in canine clinical practice.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhang P, Li B, Mu J, Liu D, Zhang G, Mao X, Huang K, Waldron KJ, Chen X

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition

Year: 2022

Volume: 106

Issue: 6

Pages: 1368-1382

Print publication date: 01/11/2022

Online publication date: 31/08/2022

Acceptance date: 05/08/2022

ISSN (print): 0931-2439

ISSN (electronic): 1439-0396

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc


DOI: 10.1111/jpn.13767


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