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Colorectal cancer incidences in Lynch syndrome: a comparison of results from the prospective lynch syndrome database and the international mismatch repair consortium

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Sir John BurnORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022, The Author(s).Objective: To compare colorectal cancer (CRC) incidences in carriers of pathogenic variants of the MMR genes in the PLSD and IMRC cohorts, of which only the former included mandatory colonoscopy surveillance for all participants. Methods: CRC incidences were calculated in an intervention group comprising a cohort of confirmed carriers of pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in mismatch repair genes (path_MMR) followed prospectively by the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD). All had colonoscopy surveillance, with polypectomy when polyps were identified. Comparison was made with a retrospective cohort reported by the International Mismatch Repair Consortium (IMRC). This comprised confirmed and inferred path_MMR carriers who were first- or second-degree relatives of Lynch syndrome probands. Results: In the PLSD, 8,153 subjects had follow-up colonoscopy surveillance for a total of 67,604 years and 578 carriers had CRC diagnosed. Average cumulative incidences of CRC in path_MLH1 carriers at 70 years of age were 52% in males and 41% in females; for path_MSH2 50% and 39%; for path_MSH6 13% and 17% and for path_PMS2 11% and 8%. In contrast, in the IMRC cohort, corresponding cumulative incidences were 40% and 27%; 34% and 23%; 16% and 8% and 7% and 6%. Comparing just the European carriers in the two series gave similar findings. Numbers in the PLSD series did not allow comparisons of carriers from other continents separately. Cumulative incidences at 25 years were < 1% in all retrospective groups. Conclusions: Prospectively observed CRC incidences (PLSD) in path_MLH1 and path_MSH2 carriers undergoing colonoscopy surveillance and polypectomy were higher than in the retrospective (IMRC) series, and were not reduced in path_MSH6 carriers. These findings were the opposite to those expected. CRC point incidence before 50 years of age was reduced in path_PMS2 carriers subjected to colonoscopy, but not significantly so.

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Author(s): Moller P, Seppala T, Dowty JG, Haupt S, Dominguez-Valentin M, Sunde L, Bernstein I, Engel C, Aretz S, Nielsen M, Capella G, Evans DG, Burn J, Holinski-Feder E, Bertario L, Bonanni B, Lindblom A, Levi Z, Macrae F, Winship I, Plazzer J-P, Sijmons R, Laghi L, Valle AD, Heinimann K, Half E, Lopez-Koestner F, Alvarez-Valenzuela K, Scott RJ, Katz L, Laish I, Vainer E, Vaccaro CA, Carraro DM, Gluck N, Abu-Freha N, Stakelum A, Kennelly R, Winter D, Rossi BM, Greenblatt M, Bohorquez M, Sheth H, Tibiletti MG, Lino-Silva LS, Horisberger K, Portenkirchner C, Nascimento I, Rossi NT, da Silva LA, Thomas H, Zarand A, Mecklin J-P, Pylvanainen K, Renkonen-Sinisalo L, Lepisto A, Peltomaki P, Therkildsen C, Lindberg LJ, Thorlacius-Ussing O, von Knebel Doeberitz M, Loeffler M, Rahner N, Steinke-Lange V, Schmiegel W, Vangala D, Perne C, Huneburg R, de Vargas AF, Latchford A, Gerdes A-M, Backman A-S, Guillen-Ponce C, Snyder C, Lautrup CK, Amor D, Palmero E, Stoffel E, Duijkers F, Hall MJ, Hampel H, Williams H, Okkels H, Lubinski J, Reece J, Ngeow J, Guillem JG, Arnold J, Wadt K, Monahan K, Senter L, Rasmussen LJ, van Hest LP, Ricciardiello L, Kohonen-Corish MRJ, Ligtenberg MJL, Southey M, Aronson M, Zahary MN, Samadder NJ, Poplawski N, Hoogerbrugge N, Morrison PJ, James P, Lee G, Chen-Shtoyerman R, Ankathil R, Pai R, Ward R, Parry S, Debniak T, John T, van Overeem Hansen T, Caldes T, Yamaguchi T, Barca-Tierno V, Garre P, Cavestro GM, Weitz J, Redler S, Buttner R, Heuveline V, Hopper JL, Win AK, Lindor N, Gallinger S, Le Marchand L, Newcomb PA, Figueiredo J, Buchanan DD, Thibodeau SN, ten Broeke SW, Hovig E, Nakken S, Pineda M, Duenas N, Brunet J, Green K, Lalloo F, Newton K, Crosbie EJ, Mints M, Tjandra D, Neffa F, Esperon P, Kariv R, Rosner G, Pavicic WH, Kalfayan P, Torrezan GT, Bassaneze T, Martin C, Moslein G, Ahadova A, Kloor M, Sampson JR, Jenkins MA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice

Year: 2022

Volume: 20

Issue: 1

Print publication date: 01/12/2022

Online publication date: 01/10/2022

Acceptance date: 31/08/2022

Date deposited: 25/10/2022

ISSN (print): 1731-2302

ISSN (electronic): 1897-4287

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd


DOI: 10.1186/s13053-022-00241-1


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Funder referenceFunder name
ERN GENTURIS is partly co-funded by the European Union within the framework of the Third Health Programme “ERN-2016 – Framework Partnership Agreement 2017–2021”
Harsh Sheth contributed with support from Gujarat State Biotechnology Mission grant GSBTM...