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ESP Spoofing: Covert Acoustic Attack on MEMS Gyroscopes in Vehicles

Lookup NU author(s): Jie Su


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IEEEElectronic Stability Program (ESP) is widely used in modern vehicles. Its safety and stability largely depend on the strength and reliability of the MEMS gyroscope. However, the tight coupling between this sensor and the environment brings significant safety hazards to the vehicle. In this study, we describe the physical vulnerability of gyroscopes to high-frequency acoustics and introduce methods for finding resonant frequencies. We devised two methods to inject the attack signal into audio files to make the acoustic attack more stealthy. The realized attack is non-intrusive and does not require tampering with the ESP hardware device, making attack detection more difficult. We also consider a neural network-based defense strategy and verify its effectiveness. The construction of the vehicle simulation system and the above experiments are completed in the co-simulation environment of Carsim and Simulink.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hong Z, Li X, Wen Z, Zhou L, Chen H, Su J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security

Year: 2022

Pages: epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 26/09/2022

Acceptance date: 02/04/2022

ISSN (print): 1556-6013

ISSN (electronic): 1556-6021

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.


DOI: 10.1109/TIFS.2022.3209552


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