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Gemini Principles-Based Digital Twin Maturity Model for Asset Management

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Xiang XieORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Various maturity models have been developed for understanding the diffusion and implementation of new technologies/approaches. However, we find that existing maturity models fail to understand the implementation of emerging digital twin technique comprehensively and quantitatively. This research aims to develop an innovative maturity model for measuring digital twin maturity for asset management. This model is established based on Gemini Principles to form a systematic view of digital twin development and implementation. Within this maturity model, three main dimensions consisting of nine sub-dimensions have been defined firstly, which were further articulated by 27 rubrics. Then, a questionnaire survey with 40 experts involved is designed and conducted to examine these rubrics. This model is finally illustrated and validated by two case studies in Shanghai and Cambridge. The results show that the digital twin maturity model is effective to qualitatively evaluate and compare the maturity of digital twin implementation at the project level. It can also initiate the roadmap for improving the performance of digital twin supported asset management.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Chen L, Xie X, Lu QC, Parlikad A, Pitt M, Yang J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Sustainability

Year: 2021

Volume: 13

Issue: 15

Online publication date: 23/06/2021

Acceptance date: 21/05/2021

Date deposited: 14/11/2022

ISSN (electronic): 2071-1050

Publisher: MDPI


DOI: 10.3390/su13158224


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Funder referenceFunder name
Industrial Strategy Fund, UKRI