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Structurally Controlled Landscape Evolution in Kula Badlands, Western Turkey

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Darrel Maddy



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2022 by the authors. Badlands are extensively eroded landscapes consisting of weakly consolidated deposits within highly dense drainage systems. Their controlling and shaping factors can differ in relation to various internal and external conditions and processes that are not always well understood. This study focuses on the development of a badland landscape affecting Miocene and Quaternary sand-clay sediments in the extensional tectonic regime of Western Turkey with a multidisciplinary approach. The area between Kula and Selendi towns exhibits a badland topography with extensively eroded surface features, deepened gullies within poorly consolidated, sand clay-sized sediments. The results of structural field mapping and morphometric analyses using a 5 m resolution DEM to study the role of structural control in the development of badlands are presented in this study. Field data analysis supported by the quantitative assessment of longitudinal gully profiles illustrates the role of pre-existing structures as faults, their orientation and geometry in net erosion-sedimentation and the development of deepened gully networks. Representative illustrations, field photographs and block diagrams are presented to show the relationship between the rock structure and badland landscape. The connection between the extensional tectonics, erosional dynamics and geomorphology point to a structurally-controlled landscape in the Kula badlands in Western Turkey.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Aksay S, Schoorl JM, Veldkamp A, Demir T, Aytac AS, Maddy D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Geosciences

Year: 2022

Volume: 12

Issue: 10

Online publication date: 21/10/2022

Acceptance date: 17/10/2022

Date deposited: 07/11/2022

ISSN (electronic): 2076-3263

Publisher: MDPI


DOI: 10.3390/geosciences12100390


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