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Single institution experience of cloacal malformation

Lookup NU author(s): Bruce Jaffray


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© 2022Introduction: The aim of this study is to report on the outcomes of patients born with cloacal malformation, managed at a single institution more than the last 28 years. The focus of this study is the long term renal and colorectal outcomes. Methods: Patients were identified from the departmental database from 1994 to 2021. The medical records and operative notes were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Twenty-one patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Eleven long common channel (LCC) and ten short common channel (SCC) cloacae patients were identified. Median age at the time of primary reconstruction was 11 months in both groups. In the LCC group, seven (63.6%) patients underwent a Total Urogenital Mobilisation (TUM), and 4 (36.4%) required a vaginal replacement. 6/11 (54.5%) of patients required drainage of a hydrocolpos. In the SCC group, four patients required a TUM, two patients underwent mobilisation of the rectum and vagina alone, and three underwent rectal mobilisation alone. Two patients have required renal transplant for congenital renal dysplasia, and two have developed chronic renal failure associated with the sequalae of vesicoureteric reflux. Eleven (52.3%) of the patients manage their bowels with an antegrade continent enema (ACE), and two of the LCC cloaca are defunctioned with a colostomy. Clean intermittent catheterisation is performed by 12 (57%) of the patients, either per urethra or via a Mitrofanoff channel. Conclusion: The urinary and faecal continence are the main challenges in the management of cloaca patients. Many require surgical intervention to achieve social continence. Level of evidence: Level IV.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lane VA, Lall A, Jaffray B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Year: 2022

Volume: 58

Issue: 2

Pages: 270-274

Online publication date: 22/10/2022

Acceptance date: 11/10/2022

ISSN (print): 0022-3468

ISSN (electronic): 1531-5037

Publisher: W.B. Saunders


DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2022.10.035


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