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Cryoballoon Pulmonary Vein Isolation as First-Line Treatment for Typical Atrial Flutter

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Moloy Das, Dr Matt Bates


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© 2022 Author(s). Published by BMJ.Objective: We aimed to compare cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with standard radiofrequency cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation as first-line treatment for typical atrial flutter (AFL). Methods: Cryoballoon Pulmonary Vein Isolation as First-Line Treatment for Typical Atrial Flutter was an international, multicentre, open with blinded assessment trial. Patients with CTI-dependent AFL and no documented atrial fibrillation (AF) were randomised to either cryoballoon PVI alone or radiofrequency CTI ablation. Primary efficacy outcome was time to first recurrence of sustained (>30 s) symptomatic atrial arrhythmia (AF/AFL/atrial tachycardia) at 12 months as assessed by continuous monitoring with an implantable loop recorder. Primary safety outcome was a composite of death, stroke, tamponade requiring drainage, atrio-oesophageal fistula, pacemaker implantation, serious vascular complications or persistent phrenic nerve palsy. Results: Trial recruitment was halted at 113 of the target 130 patients because of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (PVI, n=59; CTI ablation, n=54). Median age was 66 (IQR 61-71) years, with 98 (86.7%) men. At 12 months, the primary outcome occurred in 11 (18.6%) patients in the PVI group and 9 (16.7%) patients in the CTI group. There was no significant difference in the primary efficacy outcome between the groups (HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.46 to 2.67). AFL recurred in six (10.2%) patients in the PVI arm and one (1.9%) patient in the CTI arm (p=0.116). Time to occurrence of AF of ≥2 min was significantly reduced with cryoballoon PVI (HR 0.46, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.85). The composite safety outcome occurred in four patients in the PVI arm and three patients in the CTI arm (p=1.000). Conclusion: Cryoballoon PVI as first-line treatment for AFL is equally effective compared with standard CTI ablation for preventing recurrence of atrial arrhythmia and better at preventing new-onset AF. Trial registration number: NCT03401099.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Gupta D, Ding WY, Calvert P, Williams E, Das M, Tovmassian L, Tayebjee MH, Haywood G, Martin CA, Rajappan K, Bates MGD, Temple IP, Reichlin T, Chen Z, Balasubramaniam RN, Ronayne C, Clarkson N, Morgan M, Barton J, Kemp I, Mahida S, Sticherling C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Heart

Year: 2023

Volume: 109

Pages: 364-371

Print publication date: 01/03/2023

Online publication date: 17/11/2022

Acceptance date: 17/10/2022

ISSN (print): 1355-6037

ISSN (electronic): 1468-201X

Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2022-321729

PubMed id: 36396438


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