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Assessment tools in pre-licensure interprofessional education: A systematic review, quality appraisal and narrative synthesis

Lookup NU author(s): Hailah Almoghirah, Dr Hamde Nazar, Emerita Professor Jan Illing



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Objectives: Interprofessional education (IPE) aims to provide students with the opportunity to develop and demonstrate the team working behaviours and skills that will lead to positive patient outcomes. This systematic review aims to identify and critically appraise the assessment tools used after a pre-licensure IPE intervention and provide guidance on which tool to use according to the focus of the intervention. Methods: In July 2019, the following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, ERIC, CINHAL, EMBASE and NEXUS website. All studies involving pre-licensure health care students exposed to an IPE intervention and undertook an assessment measuring student knowledge, skills, behaviour, or change in organisational practice or a benefit to patients were included. Studies that used tools relying on self-assessment only were excluded. Constructive alignment of the IPE intervention with the assessment was evaluated and quality assessment of the studies and critical appraisal of the validity evidence for the tools was undertaken.ResultsFrom 9502 returned studies, 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were analysed. These were rated as good in terms of methodological quality. Acquisition of knowledge was the most commonly assessed outcome, mainly with pre/post knowledge tests, followed by behaviour change, which was measured by a range of validated tools. Patient benefit was defined as change in clinical effectiveness, patient safety or patient satisfaction. Constructive alignment of the IPE aim with the assessment was limited due to issues with study reporting. Tools measuring behaviour change demonstrate mixed adherence to quality standards around reliability, validity and scales and scoring. Conclusions: Various methods have been used to identify change following IPE; however, choosing the most appropriate tool to support and align with the aim of the IPE intervention is crucial. We have critically appraised the available tools and offered an indication of their quality. This has informed the production of a decision aid to support the selection of the appropriate IPE assessment tool depending on the purpose of the intervention. More studies using these tools in rigorous study designs are required to substantiate the evidence base.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Almoghirah H, Nazar H, Illing J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Medical Education

Year: 2021

Volume: 55

Pages: 795-807

Print publication date: 01/07/2021

Online publication date: 13/01/2021

Acceptance date: 09/01/2021

Date deposited: 06/07/2023

ISSN (print): 0308-0110

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2923

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd


DOI: 10.1111/medu.14453


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Funder referenceFunder name
King Saud University, Saudi Arabia (scholarship)