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Peripheral Flicker Fusion at High Luminance: Beyond the Ferry–Porter Law

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Maydel Fernandez-Alonso, Dr Will Innes, Professor Jenny ReadORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023 by the authors.The relationship between luminous intensity and the maximum frequency of flicker that can be detected defines the limits of the temporal-resolving ability of the human visual system, and characterizing it has important theoretical and practical applications; particularly for determining the optimal refresh rate for visual displays that would avoid the visibility of flicker and other temporal artifacts. Previous research has shown that this relationship is best described by the Ferry–Porter law, which states that critical flicker fusion (CFF) increases as a linear function of log retinal illuminance. The existing experimental data showed that this law holds for a wide range of stimuli and up to 10,000 Trolands; however, beyond this, it was not clear if the CFF continued to increase linearly or if the function saturated. Our aim was to extend the experimental data available to higher light intensities than previously reported in the literature. For this, we measured the peripheral CFF at a range of illuminances over six orders of magnitude. Our results showed that for up to 104 Trolands, the data conformed to the Ferry–Porter law with a similar slope, as previously established for this eccentricity; however, at higher intensities, the CFF function flattens and saturates at ~90 Hz for a target size of 5.7 degrees, and at ~100 Hz for a target of 10 degrees of angular size. These experimental results could prove valuable for the design of brighter visual displays and illumination sources that are temporally modulated.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Fernandez-Alonso M, Innes W, Read JCA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Vision

Year: 2023

Volume: 7

Issue: 1

Print publication date: 01/03/2023

Online publication date: 20/03/2023

Acceptance date: 08/03/2023

Date deposited: 12/04/2023

ISSN (electronic): 2411-5150

Publisher: MDPI


DOI: 10.3390/vision7010026


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Funder referenceFunder name
676401European Commission