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(Z)-4,4′-Stilbene dicarboxylic acid, the overlooked metal-organic framework linker

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Lucy Hunter, Dr Joshua Karlsson, Dr Jon Sellars, Professor Mike ProbertORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.Metal-organic frameworks exhibit a broad and diverse structural portfolio, with rational structural engineering of frameworks becoming increasingly desirable. Fine-tuning the metal-ligand combination offers a simple way to adjust a framework's physical and chemical properties. One route to synthesising frameworks with new physical properties and topologies without altering the chemical composition is through the use of ligand isomers. Whilst trans-stilbene derivatives, such as (E)-4,4′-stilbene dicarboxylic acid have been exhaustively studied producing numerous unique frameworks, its ligand-originated isomer, cis-stilbene derivative (Z)-4,4′-stilbene dicarboxylic acid has not. Herein, we describe the synthesis of ten lanthanide (Z)-4,4′-stilbene dicarboxylic acid frameworks, five possessing non-interpenetrating 2D sheet structures and five microporous 3D frameworks with 1-dimensional pore channels that incorporate internal voids of up to 5.2 Å in diameter. These three-dimensional frameworks have a hitherto unrecognised underlying net topology, now registered as lmj1.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hunter LR, Karlsson JKG, Sellars JD, Probert MR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: CrystEngComm

Year: 2023

Volume: 25

Issue: 16

Pages: 2353-2358

Print publication date: 28/04/2023

Online publication date: 28/03/2023

Acceptance date: 19/03/2023

Date deposited: 17/04/2023

ISSN (electronic): 1466-8033

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry


DOI: 10.1039/d3ce00138e


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