Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

OC6 project Phase III: validation of the aerodynamic loading on a wind turbine rotor undergoing large motion caused by a floating support structure

Lookup NU author(s): Peng Chen, Professor Zhiqiang Hu



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2023 Roger Bergua et al.This paper provides a summary of the work done within Phase III of the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, Continued, with Correlation and unCertainty (OC6) project, under the International Energy Agency Wind Technology Collaboration Programme Task 30. This phase focused on validating the aerodynamic loading on a wind turbine rotor undergoing large motion caused by a floating support structure. Numerical models of the Technical University of Denmark 10 MW reference wind turbine were validated using measurement data from a 1:75 scale test performed during the UNsteady Aerodynamics for FLOating Wind (UNAFLOW) project and a follow-on experimental campaign, both performed at the Politecnico di Milano wind tunnel. Validation of the models was performed by comparing the loads for steady (fixed platform) and unsteady (harmonic motion of the platform) wind conditions. For the unsteady wind conditions, the platform was forced to oscillate in the surge and pitch directions under several frequencies and amplitudes. These oscillations result in a wind variation that impacts the rotor loads (e.g., thrust and torque). For the conditions studied in these tests, the system aerodynamic response was almost steady. Only a small hysteresis in airfoil performance undergoing angle of attack variations in attached flow was observed. During the experiments, the rotor speed and blade pitch angle were held constant. However, in real wind turbine operating conditions, the surge and pitch variations would result in rotor speed variations and/or blade pitch actuations, depending on the wind turbine controller region that the system is operating. Additional simulations with these control parameters were conducted to verify the fidelity of different models. Participant results showed, in general, a good agreement with the experimental measurements and the need to account for dynamic inflow when there are changes in the flow conditions due to the rotor speed variations or blade pitch actuations in response to surge and pitch motion. Numerical models not accounting for dynamic inflow effects predicted rotor loads that were 9% lower in amplitude during rotor speed variations and 18% higher in amplitude during blade pitch actuations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bergua R, Robertson A, Jonkman J, Branlard E, Fontanella A, Belloli M, Schito P, Zasso A, Persico G, Sanvito A, Amet E, Brun C, Campana-Alonso G, Martin-San-Roman R, Cai R, Cai J, Qian Q, Maoshi W, Beardsell A, Pirrung G, Ramos-Garcia N, Shi W, Fu J, Corniglion R, Lovera A, Galvan J, Nygaard TA, Dos Santos CR, Gilbert P, Joulin P-A, Blondel F, Frickel E, Chen P, Hu Z, Boisard R, Yilmazlar K, Croce A, Harnois V, Zhang L, Li Y, Aristondo A, Mendikoa Alonso I, Mancini S, Boorsma K, Savenije F, Marten D, Soto-Valle R, Schulz CW, Netzband S, Bianchini A, Papi F, Cioni S, Trubat P, Alarcon D, Molins C, Cormier M, Bruker K, Lutz T, Xiao Q, Deng Z, Haudin F, Goveas A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Wind Energy Science

Year: 2023

Volume: 8

Issue: 4

Pages: 465-485

Online publication date: 06/04/2023

Acceptance date: 01/03/2023

Date deposited: 05/05/2023

ISSN (print): 2366-7443

ISSN (electronic): 2366-7451

Publisher: Copernicus Publications


DOI: 10.5194/wes-8-465-2023


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name