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A deep-learning-driven light-weight phishing detection sensor

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Bo WeiORCiD, Professor Bin Gao, Dr Wai Lok Woo



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This paper designs an accurate and low-cost phishing detection sensor by exploring deep learning techniques. Phishing is a very common social engineering technique. The attackers try to deceive online users by mimicking a uniform resource locator (URL) and a webpage. Traditionally, phishing detection is largely based on manual reports from users. Machine learning techniques have recently been introduced for phishing detection. With the recent rapid development of deep learning techniques, many deep-learning-based recognition methods have also been explored to improve classification performance. This paper proposes a light-weight deep learning algorithm to detect the malicious URLs and enable a real-time and energy-saving phishing detection sensor. Experimental tests and comparisons have been conducted to verify the efficacy of the proposed method. According to the experiments, the true detection rate has been improved. This paper has also verified that the proposed method can run in an energy-saving embedded single board computer in real-time.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Wei B, Ali Hamad R, Yang L, He X, Wang H, Gao B, Woo WL

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Sensors

Year: 2019

Volume: 19

Issue: 19

Online publication date: 30/09/2019

Acceptance date: 28/09/2019

Date deposited: 14/08/2023

ISSN (electronic): 1424-8220

Publisher: MDPI AG


DOI: 10.3390/s19194258

PubMed id: 31575038


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Funder referenceFunder name
Innovation and Application for Smart Test of Supply and Demand Integration
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
Open Program of Neusoft Research of Intelligent Healthcare Technology, Co. Ltd
Research and Application for Key Technologies of IoT Oriented to Smart Cities