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Endangered Archaeology in Syria and Beyond: An International Perspective

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Emma CunliffeORCiD



This is the final published version of a book chapter that has been published in its final definitive form by Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, 2022.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


There are a number of ways in which the international community can help to protect the cultural heritage of countries affected by conflict. The aim of this paper is to highlight some of these approaches, primarily focusing on Syria, as that is where the most information is available, and to introduce the work of the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa project (EAMENA), which was established in 2015, covering over 20 countries from Mauritania to Iran. The broader approaches addressed in this paper fall into three main areas: awareness-raising; legislative changes; and actions, and then an introduction to the EAMENA project follows these approaches. Much of the information comes from a series of reports compiled by the Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) Heritage for Peace. The reports provide information on national and international actions undertaken to protect Syrian heritage since 2011, and they are intended to promote collaboration between the different agencies acting in Syria, and reduce duplication of effort. The reports were collated from numerous websites, five mailing lists, 78 social media feeds, and regular news searches conducted via Google. Almost all information reviewed was in English or Arabic, with occasional mentions of German, Dutch and Spanish events, all of which are locations where other members of Heritage for Peace are located. They have been widely circulated, with key links shared by UNESCO.5 This has been a ‘one-way’ communication, and we welcome a dialogue so we can better understand the efficacy and usefulness of the reports for the international community.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Cunliffe E, Bewley R

Editor(s): Silver, M

Series Editor(s): Barbara Horejs

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Challenges, Strategies and High-Tech Applications for Saving the Cultural Heritage of Syria

Year: 2022

Volume: 21

Pages: 103-116

Online publication date: 24/03/2022

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

Series Title: Oriental and European Archaeology

Publisher: Austrian Academy of Sciences Press

Place Published: Vienna


DOI: 10.1553/978OEAW83747

Notes: Proceedings of the Workshop held at the 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9783700183747