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Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and Interferon-γ Polymorphisms Contribute to Susceptibility to Oral Lichen Planus

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Marco Carrozzo


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Most lymphocytes in the lamina propria of oral lichen planus (OLP) lesions express and secrete interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), whereas they do not secret interleukin-4 and -10 or transforming growth factor-beta. We analyzed whether the polymorphisms of several cytokines may influence the susceptibility to OLP. Cytokine typing was performed by a sequence-specific PCR assay. Thirteen cytokine genes with 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were studied. IFN-gamma UTR 5644 genotype frequencies showed a significant increase in number of T/T homozygotes in OLP patients compared with controls (40.9 vs. 22.9%; p=0.0022). Moreover, in OLP patients, the frequency of the -308A TNF-alpha allele was higher than in the controls (21.6 vs. 9.3%; p < 0.05) causing a significantly increased frequency of the genotype G/A in OLP (43.2 vs. 14.3%; p=0.0002). Because in patients with mucocutaneous lichen planus (LP), the frequency of the -308A TNF-alpha allele was more than double the values in the pure OLP patients (40.9 vs. 15.1%; p=0.003), the -308G/A TNF-alpha genotype showed a significantly higher frequency in patients with mucocutaneous LP than in patients with pure OLP (81.8 vs. 30.3%, p=0.003). In conclusion, we suggest that genetic polymorphism of the first intron of the promoter gene of IFN-gamma may be an important risk factor to develop oral lesions of LP, whereas an increase in the frequency of -308A TNF-alpha allele may best contribute to the development of additional skin involvement.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Carrozzo M, Uboldi de Capei M, Dametto E, Fasano ME, Arduino P, Broccoletti R, Vezza D, Rendine S, Curtoni ES, Gandolfo S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Year: 2004

Volume: 122

Issue: 1

Pages: 87-94

Print publication date: 05/01/2004

ISSN (print): 0022-202X

ISSN (electronic): 1523-1747

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group


DOI: 10.1046/j.0022-202X.2003.22108.x

Notes: Journal Article


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